Basic Training for Your Pug Puppy:
I can not stress enough timing when training. When you get the result you want say the command word and give the treat or affection immediately.
Always be confident even if this is your first time training. Your puppy needs to see your confidence if he’s going to follow your lead.
With treat in one hand put in near your dogs nose then slowly lift up a little so the dog is looking up treat still near nose and then move your hand toward there back. They should naturally sit down trying to following the treat. When they sit say sit and give them the treat. You’ll want to add hand commands asap to it.
Another way is to pull the dog up from under its chest and lightly push down on the butt to get them into sit position.
Have the dog in a sit position and give them a hand signal take one step back and then walk back to him and say stay. Give them a treat immediately with the command but only if their butt stayed on the ground. If they didn’t stay immediately go back put them in position and start over. Never let them inch up and move around, they will learn they can make progress getting closer and it defeats the purpose always put them back to the original sit stay place you started at. After your dog can handle a few steps make it a few more. Eventually work up to turning your back on them and walking away then coming back. When you can do that work on staying when you walk out of sight. Remember stay means to freeze.
This is different from stay as you’re not saying to freeze your saying you can’t come pass this boundary, we set for you. We personally body block the area. We start with a small doorway that isn’t open or a space we can control easily to start with. Body blocking is to block their forward motion to come through the space with my legs. You can also walk into them, having them back up as you walk forward. Stand tall when using your legs to make your space. You are speaking dog to them with your body language. You need to visualize that imaginary boundary and don’t let them cross it. When they do try to cross over back them up or make a loud abrupt sound “et et” and they usually back off. When they back up into their zone we say wait and we walk back into “my area” as they wait in “their area” In the beginning they will sit or stand there looking at you after a while they walk off and come back trying to enter “my area” we just back them off again. We praise when they are either sitting there and say wait or we come back into “their area” and praise them for not having crossed. It’s tricky and I’m sure there might be a better way, it’s just the way we do it.
Hold a treat let them smell it then hold it in the air until they jump. After they jump immediately say the word jump and give them the treat. Never say the word until you have gotten the result, or they won’t associate the word with the correct action. After they get it give it a hand signal while saying the word.
Paw / Shake -
Have your puppy sit down. Then take their paw into your hand. Say paw or shake whichever word you want to use. Then with the other hand immediately give the treat. Do this several times. Eventually put your hand in front of the paw you want and say your command only once. If they don’t give it to you, we usually tap their leg and keep my hand out. If they still don’t give it to you then take the paw for yourself and give the treat. We usually say the word again and treat the moment paw in my hand. Just keep it up till they get it. However, give them a chance to do it before grabbing their paw. Some dogs are lazy and won’t give you their paw if they know you’re going to pick it up for them. Just wait with your hand out. They will look at you and the treat and figure it out to give you, their paw. Don’t expect them to pick it up instantly but don’t keep picking their paw up for them for too many tries, and instead stop for a little bit and then go back to it later.
Leave It -
Put a treat on the floor with one hand in front of your puppy blocking them. When he goes to eat it cover it up with your hand claiming it. When the puppy looks away from the treat most likely at you. Say “leave it” and give a treat immediately with the other hand. Keep doing this. When he gets it move the treat somewhere else. Eventually work up to throwing the treat on the ground somewhere around him, then right in front of him, and just dropping it on the floor saying leave it. On the other side of this training when they listen, we give them a treat and say “yours” so they know they can have it.
Crate Training -
We use a create to potty train and for their safety when we’re gone and recommend it for puppies. They can't hold “it” for more than a few hours. So don't create them if you can't be back in a few hours. But if you put them in a crate that is big enough to stand and turn around in but not too much bigger than them (a crate with dividers works best for puppies) then they won't want to go on themselves and where they sleep. I put a blanket inside. I hold a treat inside the crate or lead them with the treat by the nose and say "in". When they put their whole body inside the crate, they get the treat. Very quickly they learn to run in their crate when you say "in" and wait for their treat. They also use the crate as their own little space (their den) during the day and night even when they don't have to be in it. They love having their own space. Now remember don't create after they've eaten, and it works best if you take them potty first before putting them in when you first start this potty training.